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July 25, 1940     Indian Valley Record
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By LEMUEL F. PARTON (Consolidated Featurcs--WNU Service.) NEW YORK.--Future historians, dredging up the story of the wreck of European civilization, will find that some of these tragic events n . . =. were pre- rropneezes more cisely de- Illumlnatmg Than scribed be- Later Spot News for e th ey nappenea. Some of these prophecies may be more illuminating than later "spot news" accounts. There's Henri de Kerillls, French Nationalist deputy, recently arrived in Ottawa in behalf of General De Gaulle's die-hard committee. On December 22, 1939, M. De Keril- l!s published in his newspaper Epoque a minutely detailed ac- count of a conspk~-acy to oust Pre- mier Daladier and install Marshal Petain in that office. He wrote: "The object of this conspiracy is to convince the greatest and most famous of military chiefs--Marshal Petain---that he must resign himself to accepting the premiership in a government of national union in which the most notorious defeatists are to be included. According to the conspirators, the old marshal un- consciously will have to play a role analogous to that of Hindenburg, opening the road to Hitler in a mo- ment of discouragement. And by his presence alone, he will neutral- ize our military chiefs." In Ottawa, M. De Kerlllis says, "Marshal Petain is not st traitor. He did not know when he capitulated that he would go to war with England, tomorrow with the United States, and the, next day with Rt]ssia. He did not know that when one is in the hands of the Germans one cannot stop." As a journalist and nationalist deputy, M. De Kerillis has been a spokesman for French Nationalist opinion for many years. He was a lone voice supporting General De Gaulle in 1934, when the latter was pleading for a mechanized army to meet the German onslaught. He has vehemently denounced both Communist and Nazi subversive in- fluences. In a review of his activi- ties, one utterance of AdDlE Hitler, as reported by Dr. Rauschning, has been ~pertinently quoted: "Our strategy will destroy the enemy from within and oblige him to conquer himself. Everywhere in the country of the enemy we will have friends who will aid us." MRS. CLARA ADAMS rides air- planes because she "loves to watch clouds." Her fight on the first stratoliner from New York to Los Angeles 26 Years a First rounds out Plighter, Yet Shy her first 26 O? Control 5tick years as a "first - flight- or." SlOe has flown in planes, glid. era, Zeppelins and free balloons, on notable first flights whenever pos- sible, but has never touched~lthe con- trol stick. She says she has no in- terest in mechanics or m~bhanical problems. She is the widow of George L. Adams, a millionaire tanner of Pennsylvania who died in 1929, leav- ing her an ample fortune with which to indulge her favorite pastime. Mrs. Adams was born in Cincin- nati, the daughter of Walter Grabau, a music teacher, In 1914, at the age of 15, she had her first plans ride at Lake Eustis, Fla with Wal- ter E. Johnson at the controls. Since then, her mother has complained that there's no keeping her down to earth. She was a passenger on the first transatlantic trip of the Graf Zeppelin in 1928, and in 1932 on the giant plane Dornier Do-X on its flight from Rio de Janeiro to New York. In 1936 she crossed the Pacifio on the first China Clipper; and, also in that year, she was on /he ill-fated Zeppelin Hfhden- burg when It crossed to this eonntry. She saw it burn a year later. In 193"/~he made It round- trip non-stop flight from New York to Bermuda, and July 15 of last year landed back in Newark after a flight around the world in 16 days, 19 hours and 4 mlu- utes--a record for globe girdling. She is 5 feet, II inches tall and has what she describes as a "string- bean figure suitable for flying." She has gray eyes and reddish. brown hair, dresses simply and at- tractively. IT IS perhaps just as well that Carl Brlsson, Danish film star, has landed safely In America. He once popped the CrOwn Prince Wil. helm on the nose, and there's no telling but that Herr Hitler has that somewhere in his bring-up file. Born Carl Pedersen, the big, handsome Carl Brisson was welterweight champion of Denmark at 15 and later middleweight champion of Eu- rope. After fighting 72 professional ring battles, he became a star of vaudeville and musical comedy. Ha discovered Greta Garbo. INDIAN VALLEY RECORD Thursday, July 25, 1940 Compulsory Military Training ""o" '. m . JOHNSON to rave lopm m t ampa]gn A layer or two of blotting palSet U F '~ ~ put over grease spots on the wall, and a warm iron laid on top eli ~OSd!::RXh uT~u; ~. L~|~~iiii;~O~ them, will often take away the Nothing More Vital as a National Policy Has Come " Washington, D.C. marks. Over the Horizon in Long Time; Might MANPOWER PROBLEM A little milk added to the blue Destroy Morale of Army. A group of 240 distinguished edu- cators, clergymen, writers and bust- inF': water used for lace curtains will By WILLIAM BRUCKART WNU Service, National Press Bldg Washingtou, D. C. WASHINGTON.--S/nee it ts ap- parent that the question of compul- sory military train- = =,======,= ing is certain to be- come a much dis- cussed subject ing the coming pres- ~~ idential campaigns, I think it may be well to delve into the l~~ subject again with~~ the idea of reporting and analyzing recent developments. There was a first flush of mBIIR~Jllllnm heat churned up William when President Bruckart Roosevelt proposed the idea to congress, but that was small potatoes compared with what is coming, And I hope that the topic does become one of the'really great issues of a political campaign be- cause nothing more vital as a na- tional policy has come over the horizon in a long, long time. I sat in the gallery of the senate the other day and listened to half a dozen speeches about the Burke bill which seems to carry out approxi- mately what President Roosevelt has in mind about having all boys and girls trained for military serv- ice under government 'compulsion. Four of those speeches were favor- able to the program, but 1 could not help noting how each one of the sen- ators supporting the idea skated all around the vital points. There was an entire lack of foundation in their argument. They appeared to be. lieve such a course as universal training was necessary only because the President had said so. In other words, two-thirds of the argument thus far advanced for universal training has been predicated upon the sayso of somebody else, an argu- ment that permitted the senator or the representative or the member of the President's official family to make a speech and use the words "for our national defense." National Policy Requires Vast Amount of Thought It strikes me as quite silly to speak and vote for a national policy aa far-reaching, as vital, as revolution- ary, as this one only because of a wave of hysterical emotion. That, however, is just my opinion. I shall continue to feel, nevertheless, that enactment of legislation that per- mits a government to take a year or two years out of the lives of any people in peace time requires a vast amount of thought--an amount of thought far greater than the current program has received. And to era. phasize my conviction further, I have to urge that what is most need- ed of all is a clear-cut statement from the head of the nation! In an effort to find out what the armY officers would do with the program I have talked with a great many of them, individually and un- officially. Since I am not trained in the field of military training or strategy, it was necessary that ! have fundamentals explained to me. Perhaps, it is a slight exaggera- tion to say that enactment of a uni- versal compulsory military training program would overwhelm the army. It is not an exaggeration to say, however, that wholesale induc- tion of young men into the military service would present this country with its finest mess in governmental management yet to be observed. In short, the army is not prepared to handle those extra tens of thousands of recruits and, therefore, any move in that direction without preparation from the standpoint of officers and housing and guns for training is sim- ply laying the groundwork for greater waste even than we wit- nessed in the ill fated PWA, the Pas- samaquoddy dam and the Florida ship canal rolled into one. It would be com1~arable to having 10 cow- boys handling a 100,000 range cattle. The army knows this fact. The army is trying to expand as rapidly as it can, but the army will be asked to do the impossible if it has thou- sands upon thousands of men tossed into its lap, with no arrangements for training them. Would Destroy Morale Of Our Fighting Force This may be said to be an un- important argument. I say that it is vital. The reason is that once the army is discredited, as it surely would be, by failure to do its as- signed job--because the politicians MILITARY TRAINING Formation of a national policy requires a vast amount of thought. Compulsory training might affect the morale of the army. History shows that dictatorship usually follows forced training of civil- tans. Naming of Knox and Stim. son might he a political trick. One must go back a few months to understand these appoint- ments, when the war gave Roose- velt an excuse to get excited. never would accept the responsibil- ity--then the morale of your fighting force is gone. Any one knows that maintenance of high spirit among a fighting force is the first essential. Moreover, if the army was discred- ited, smeared, blackened by polit- ical attack, who among those willing to enlist will want to be associated with it thereafter. The number would be surprisiragly few. I have omitted reference thus far to the fears that I have concerning use of such a national policy upon the nation's general attitude. Once before, in these columns, I wrote that the fall of every nation, disin- tegration or its subservience to dic- tatorship, was preceded by forced training of all civilians. They be- came the tools of a few leaders and those few leaders eventually were knocked off, even as Hitler and Stalin and Mussolini have done. Yes, I am convinced that universal military training constitutes another and an important step towards dic- tatorship. It may be called un- American in principle. Since the war in Europe gave Mr. Roosevelt an excuse to get excited and to spread hysteria throughout the nation, to seek and gain appro- priations of $10,000,000,000 more from congress, this compulsory mil- itary training idea has been spawn- ing. It was due to follow the pro- posals for the sensational expansion of the army and the navy. It was the next and the logical step, With plenty of money to spend and no plans for spending it, comes now the program for universal training. Things like that happen when the wedding takes place after a courtship of two days. Naming Knox and Stimson Might Be Political Trick Nor can I figure out why Mr. Roosevelt resorted to the appoint- ment of two Republicans--Col. Frank Knox and Henry L. Stimson-- to be heads of the navy and war departments, respectively, unless it was a political trick. While these two men may he, and probably are, good men, it strikes me that there surely were two good Democrats available somewhere among the 135,000,000 Americana. One has to go back several months to understand these appointments. I have recorded in these columns before the hapless type of Harry Woodring, who was forced out of the job of secretary of war. I have told likewise how the late Claude Swanson was unable to do his Job as secretary of the navy because of illness. I have told of the strife within the war department and it was common knowledge that Charles Edison was named secretary to suc- ceed Mr. Swanson only to boost his political stock, now shaped up in a campaign for governor of New Jer- sey. All of these things obtained through months past, when--as we are told these days---the Chief Ex- ecutive knew the war in Europe was coming headon. The fact also re- mained that there was no great movement on the part of Mr. Roose- velt or any of his advisors to place "big men" in the Jobs which direct military preparedness. I wonder, in view of all of these things, whether any one can he blamed for smelling politics? I wonder, also, whether any one can feel that the appointment of Colonel Knox and Mr. Stimson represented anything more than the cheapest type of politics, stirred into the bowl just a few days before the Re- publicans met in their national con- vention to nominate Mr. Willkie. It is to be hoped that the two new secretaries will be able to do a good job. The secretary of war, of course, will be the man to have charge of the universal training, if congress ever enacts it into law. But Secretary Stimson, a Republi- can all of his life, becomes the mouthpiece of the President of the United States who appointed him. He cannot, he dare not, be anything else, and it is not a situation that convinces me of a real desire for national unity. So, .instead of all of this hulla- balloo, why not have some honesty and common sense? Why not let the army go ahead with its program of expanding slowly and as it is capable of taking care of the job? That would bring us nine great divi- sions, ready to move on 24 hours notice in case Mr. Hitler's airplanes started landing in Kansas City, as Mr. Roosevelt once said was pos- sible. Moreover, we might go ahead and build a real national defense that will stand the test, because there surely is money enough available under the recent appropriations. It can be done. All army officers say that, and every one else says it can be done. It will fail miserably, as it ought to, however, if the govern- mental plan is to build the house first and construct a foundation for it later. You may recall how one of the federal housing projects in West Virginia flopped because the houses were built of one dimension and the foundations of another. launder them beautifully. ness leaders have just declared a secret in American politics. against any "peacetime" c nscrip" i For more than tw years sc res I Broiled toLt: s~ices not only tion. They say it is un-American, friends, Democratic leaders, news- decorate but also improve the fla- totalitarian, un-democratic and that men and others tried their hand at vet of steak or chops. it would disrupt business and in- worming from him some hint on the, , dustry, third term question. None succeed- When freshly washed windoW$ They say that highly skilled men ed until the Democratic convention are dry wipe them with tissue pc- needed for any new mechanized, was only a week away--and this per to make them sparkle. motorized war can be had by volun- one, Jim Farley. in turn sealed tary enlistment "under pay ached- his own lips. ?:ree W:the:s th::nhs~:ndbe.l~~ ules sufficiently attractive." This Except for Farley, there wasn't a boN:~Te protest springs from incomplete un- person on earth who could say he in the kettle to make tea. Draw derstanding of the principle of selec- had heard from Roosevelt himself fresh cold water and let it boil for i what he planned to do. live service. I the first time. Water that has There are three steps in the selec- I There were many to whom he said boiled before tastes flat, because that he did not want to run. There the air has gone out of it. tive process---registration, classifica- were some to whom he voiced a . . , tion and induction. Only the last is preference for Secretary of State If you have over-salted the souP, in any sense conscription. Regis- Cordell Hull as his successor. But peel a potato and put several slices tration is universal enrollment of there was no one, including mem-into the soup. Boil it for a fe~' the manpower of the nation. Clan- bern of his family, to whom the minutes and the potato will ab" sification is an examination of them President gave the slightest clue sorb the salt all to see what are the special educa- whether he would run again. lion, skills and aptitudes of each I Illustrative of the complete rays- It is poor economy to save ice man, and which can be classified tcry even within the inner council by wrapping it in heavy paper or for military or other service with was the fact that Secretary Morgen- cloth. Such covering insulates the the least possible inconvenience to thau did not believe the President ice from the rest of the refrigera" himself, the greatest consideration would be a candidate, while Sacra- for his own wishes, the slightest dis- tary Hopkins was confident that he for. turbance to our economic system-- would. Both had to admit that Shades of pink can be set bY industry, commerce, agriculture ed- Roosevelt had said nothing and that ucation---and, above all, domestic their opinions were based wholly on soaking in salt water. relations and the dependency of "deductions." * * * others. Last week Sen. Sherman Minton, To prevent cauliflower fro~a Class l-A, at the beginning at New Deal whip, and State Chair-turning dark while cooking, put a least, should comprise all men who man Bays of Indiana, tried to pone- slice of lemon in the water i~ could serve with none or the very trate the silence. Both are mem- which it is cooked. slightest impairment of any of these hers of the Hoosier convention dole- standards. When that class is de- termined, the order of their going or "induction," is determined by a national lottery or "drawing" al- ready conducted in Washington cov- ering all men registered. At this point, and especially during peace, or before the drain of war ~as cre- ated any real manpower problem, a provision used during the latter part of the 1917-18 draft preserves all the gation and strong third-termers. As they were leaving after a White House call they said: "We hope we'll have the privilege, Mr. Presi- dent, of voting for you at Chicago." Roosevelt smiled broadly and re. plied, 'Tm sure we'llhave a ticket that will win." a e Possibly the secret of how Roose- velt kept his secret so well and so virtues of the volunteer system, with i long was that he didn't know him- none of its disruptive and sometimes,self what he was going to do. hateful consequences. We called it Significant was a remark he made "volunteering within call A-I."to a Midwesterner following the * * * nomination of Wendell Willkie. The Class A-l, in our present situa- visitor expressed the view that Will- lion would contain many times the kie's candidacy made it necessary number we need. It would be made for the President to run again. up of the most available men of this "There isn't anyone who can lick nation--men who are best fitted for him but you, Mr. President," the service and who, in the balance of caller said. "1 think what happened responsibilities between national and in Philadelphia makes it imperative private obligations have the least of i the latter. Regardless of the ulti- mate compulsion of their "order- number," those who want to go first should be permitted to volunteer. The inducement of topping high current civilian competitive rates of pay for voluntary enlistment, won't work. It carries a hint of the stig- ma of the old mercenary armies-- which is worse than that of the old "press-gang" conscript armies--and it would make defensive costs pro- hibitive. Major Eliot's recent sug- gestion of a few extra dollars added to $21 monthly base pay, wouldn't induce the kind of men we need to quit their Jobs. A principal deterrent to voluntary enlistment is that the term is long and rigid. It should be one year or for duration of the emergency. Few men want to mortgage away three years ot' their lives in this rap- idly changing world on any ground except patriotism. We seem to be galloping in all di- rections on this manpower problem. Under the federal bureau of educa- tion and WPA we have begun train- ing men as mechanics who have assumed no obligation to serve. Un- der the volunteer plan, we are en- listing men regardless of their me- chanical training. The whole effort is hit-or-miss and haywire. If the true principles of selective service could be expertly applied on the ba- sis of experience, we would have the most fair, flexible, efficie~ man. power system in the world. * * e RUBBER AND ~IN Some of ii,s esteemed contempo- raries do not agree with thi~ eol. umn's rebuttal of the constant claims that we are dependent on the British and Dutch East Indies for rubber and tin and that it was only the concurrence of England that has enabled us to maintain the Monroe Doctrine. Nobody has contested the facts that we could make better rubber than we buy or, that by using conservation, substitution and Boliv- ian tin, we could get by without East Indian tin. But it is said that it would be inconvenient, take a long time and cost too much. I challenge all of this. As to rub- ber, the fact is that if we, who use 55 per cent of all the world's rubber, turned to mass production on that vast tonnage, it would cost no more than the present I~rice---whtch is low. Quite apart from all this, long ago it was reported by the President's own national resources committee that for less than the price of two battleships, we could lay in enough East Indian tin and rubber to make us independent of foreign sources for the reasonably expected duration of any war. This administration didn't do it. It seems to have some strange reluctance to take Uncle Sam's whiskers out of that revolving wringer in :;he Far East. Instead of buying vital tin and rubber, it bought billions of dollars worth of useless silver and unnecessary gold. # that you run. I am sure you don't want to; no man who has undergone the ordeal you have for eight years would want ~ny more of it. But it's not a case any more of your pref- erence. In my opinion, the choice is no longer yours." The President paused as if think- ing, then said quietly, as if to him- self, "This decision will be the most momentous in my life." FOREIGN AFFAIRS PLANK For the Democratic platform makers, like the Republicans, the biggest headache was the foreign af- fairs plank. The same bellicose forces, isola- tionist and anti, which made life miserable for the Philadelphia plat- form writers, gave the deep blues to the Democrats. In fact, the rival camps among the Democrats were even more trouhlcsome. The Republicans, while they squabbled hotly among themselves behind closed doors, were too con- scious of party interest to kick up an open ruckus. On the final show- down, the boys worked out a com- promise that gave each side a sop. The result was rather ambiguous, but it left the door open for the Re- publican candidate to move which- ever way he wanted. But the prima donna Democratic factions were insisting on the whole hog or nothing. Senator Burt Wheel- er, backed by the glowering John L. Lewis, is demanding an unequiv- ocal, isolationist, no.war declara- tion; and threatens to head a third. party ticket if he doesn't get his way. Anti-isolationists, foremost among them Roosevelt himself, are flatly against such a plank. At the same time, they were acutely aware of the powerful "peace" sentiment in the country and they know they've got to watch their step. CONVENTION ~NOTES The Chicago convention literally dripped with vice presidential can- didates. With more than a score already in the field, Iowa's genial, bald-domed Senator Iierring tossed his hat in the ring One Washing- ton correspondent at Chicago at- tended the convention in a dual ca- pacity. Tall, mellow-tempered Ban- corn Timmons covered the conven- tion as a newsman and also acted as the national committeeman proxy of his close friend and fellow Texan, Vice President Jack Garner. * * MERRY-GO-ROUND The post office department and census bureau will handle the de- tails of registering the estimated 3,600,000 aliens, in the U. S to begin September 1. The justice depart- ment, which t ow has control of alien regulation, plans an extensive edu- cational program in Americanism for resident foreigners. In line for G. O. P. floor leader should Sen. Charles McNary be- come vice president is Vermont's able Warren Austin, present assist- ant floor chief. Invasion of England The last successful invasion of England by hostile soldiers was in 1066, when William the Con" queror and his army crossed the English ci~annel from NormandY: Before that, England was invades many times by the Saxons, Danes and Norsemen. But since the Nor* man conquest all threatened in- vasions have been beaten off bY the British navy. No attempt was made to invade the British isles in the First World war.--Pathfinder. PHOTOGRAPHY 16 PRINTS 2Sf . i ]So)I Developed and 16 p~ntas ~e. 16 Itepr~nm =d I REX PHOTO - - OQDKN, UTMj Each Inevitable Each of 'us inevitable; each of us limitless--each of us with or her right upon the earth.--whir" man. HOW ARE YOUR Cranky? Restless? Can't sleep? Tire mudly? Worried due to female functional disorder$g Then try Lydia E. Ptnkham's Vegetable Compound famous for over 60 year~ la helping such weak, rundown, nervOUS women. ,~tart today/ For Good Reputation The way to obtain a good reP~ tation is to endeavor to be whs~ you desire to appear.--SocrateS" DASH IN/llATH|RS. WNU--12 First Victory ttt For a man to conquer himser~ the first and noblest of all viC" tortes. Help Them Cleansd the of Harmful Body Waste Your kidne s are constantly fllterln[ Ub waste matter ~om the blood stream. 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