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July 4, 1940     Indian Valley Record
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By LEMUEL F. PARTON (Consolidated Featurem---WNU Service.) NEW YORK.--Dr. Frank Kingdon , resigned as president of the ~University of Newark to serve the !cause of American unity against various open 'Freedom' Still and hidden Embodies Our disruptive ' Hope and Faith forces. Cer- tain industri. alists have become dollar-a-year men for military rearmament. Dr. Kingdon is perhaps the first man to give up his job to work for intellec- tual rearmament. With others, he built the Citizenship Educational Service to advance tolerance, co- operation and all-around American solidarity. Theodore Roosevelt is its chairman and Dr. Kingdon is educational director. "American Unity" was the subject of Dr. Kingdon's address before the Institute of Public Affairs at Char- lottesville, Vs recently. A few days ego, this writer happened to be pres. ent when Dr Kingdon was convers- ,ins with a New York citizen of dis- tinction and influence who main- tained that democracy was both de- ,eadent and impotent. In his Char- IotteaviHe address, Dr. Kingdon said: "The other day, 1 was arguing with a self-confessed Fascist. I happened to use the word free- dom. He immediately scoffed, saying, 'Freedom for what? Freedom to be unemployed? Freedom to Starve?' He knew that the ward was one of the signal words of human history. He could not meet it s'quarely. So he tried to tie it up with all kinds of other words having un- pleasant definitions in order to destroy its own appeul by trans- ferring to it their dismay. His was a deliberate effort to empty of meaning a word that Is packed with hope and faith. His performance was typical of the planned and concerted attempt to destroy the foundations of our thought so that we shall crumble before a vi4rorous onslaught from the cause with which he has allied himself." In the above address Dr. King- don assays such words as Christi- anity, freedom, religion, propagan- da, isolation, in the interest of tol- erance and unity. Such is one of the unique endeavors of the Citizen- ship Educational Service. Dr. Kingdon, tall, urlYane school- man and cleric, was born in London and came to this country in 1912, at the age of 17. He was educated at University College school, Lon- don, and Boston university. |N BRAZIL, there is a saying that x President Getulio Vargas is so clever that he can take off his socks I without removing his .shoes. Cer- tainly . some President Vargas such deft pro- O? Brazil Senses dedurewa~In- Direction o? Wind dicated when he eased Bra. zil noiselessly into a dictatorship in ,1937. Currently his swing ot~ "sterile democracy," and his indorsement of European dictatorships as "vigorous peoples fit for life" is big news in the western world, heeling quickly. as it does, the Italian aggression. There are 400,000 Germans in Brazil who have indicated similar views about "sterile democracy." President Verges has seemed much more able and plausible than most dictators. He isn't given to casual shooting or hang- Ins and he says very little and' this in a low voice, never in a sports palast or on a balcony. He built his 1930 campaign on a bare-knuckle fight against the "plutocratic coffee barons" of the Sate Paulo. He was badly defeated. He didn't yell, "I've been robbed," but instead gath- ered n few of his old gaucho friends and quietly took over ihe country. For four years, he ruled by de- cree and then set up a liberal con- stitution, written by the national as- sembly. He proclaimed his alle- giance to liberal government and the democratic ideal. He governed effect/rely and is cre~iited with hav- lag cut down debt and upped pro- duct/on. Reared in a prairie town, he on- rolled/ha military co/legs, but was diverted to the law and, like many of our own politicians, reached the national congress, with a start as district attorney. At about two o'clock on the morning of Novembe7 19, 19~, President Vargsn telephued the members of his cabinet and the leaders of his legislature to come to the palace tmmedlately. They seize6 weapons as they dashed for their ears. The preld- dent received them urbanely, broke out Igars and wine, chat- ted a few moments and than handed them a document In which he had scrapped and fired congress, nullified existing laws and substituted his own oode. There was no dissent. INDIAN VALLEY RECORD Advantages, Too B ckart's Washington Digest lXathleen l' orrls 3ays: Universal Military Training Plan Long Engagements Have Their Will Encounter Stiff Opposmon Government Owned Monopoly to Control Trade in Surplus Products of North and South America Also Faces Serious Consideration. (Bell Syndicate---WNU Service.) Our girls o/ 18 and our boys o/21 are barred to fall in love. easy. Nothing to do all day. If there are no babies, curiously enough, the situation is worse. It doesn't seem so, at first. Marge's mother says firmly: "No babies un- til you can afford them," and Rob's mother warns him that a baby would be a calamity. They are free to go about with the old crowd, insofar as they are able to afford it, and Marge has nothing to do when the simple housework is over but to shop, have her hair done, fix flowers in vases. But shopping is expensive, lunches downtown with the girls cost money, beauty parlors are ruinous to budg- ets. Marge sees frocks and hats she wants, and kitchen ware and a gor- geous bridge lamp. Also she hears the girls talking of the winter sports that week-end. Everyone is to give Connie $10 and Con and Fred will manage everything. Ten dollars, with Rob's whole salary only seven times that every month! Nature's Protective Plan. And the childless young marriage has an even deeper and much more serious handicap. It is thi~. The marital relation is a fragile and sacred thing; its physical aspects inseparable from the more subtle elements of mind and soul. Uncon- trolled mating would destroy even animals, and animals are protected from it by Nature herself. Mating seasons are interrupted by the long periods of bearing and rearing the young. When human beings interrupt this process, passion, here celled love, soon burns itself out. The imma- ture boy and girl, never trained for life at all, not developed in re- sources and interests and character, So what about the long engage- ment? In Italy and Germany and England and France, seven and eight and even ten years are not supposed to be too long for a man and a woman to maintain a dignified friendship before conditions permit them to marry. Certainly five years would not be too long. They must learn to control themselves in many ways if they are to be happily mar- ried; control extravagance, laziness, temper, selfishness, over-indulgence. Why not practice self-control in the most important matter of sex? Sex Self-Control Essential. Thousands of fine men and women achieve continence even in marriage for one reason or another; thou- sands of happily married folk, effi- cient and successful in their lives, know that that one thing will be al- ways denied them. Why all this hullaballoo about the children not being able to wait? Of course they're able to wait. if they're properly trained to respect themselves and each other, and to regard marriage as a state some day to be entered upon with reverence, with an in. creased appreciation of its high priv. lieges and an increased sense of its responsibilities, To those who wait, who study the duties and cares of m~rriage se- riously, who develop a'flne and deep. rooted friendship and a congeniality of taste while waiting, marriage comes as an almost miraculous con- summation of hope and desire and love. The long-anticipated home is a sacred place. Their community of tastes, their memories of long plan. ning, make every hour together a fresh delight. The man has com. pleted his professional training. The girl has discharged to the full her duty to her own people. They are a man and a woman, this husband and wife, not a pair of passionate children. Statistics seem to indicate that one of our national dangers now is the young divorce. More than half our divorces are of persons ur, cier 24, and two-thirds of those after marriage periods of less than three years. By WILLIAM BRUCKART WNU Service, National Press Bldg Washington, D. C. WASHINGTON.--It begins to ap- pear that President Roosevelt again has put his head out as a target for political pot shots. Indeed, the re- action thus far to his proposals for univer- sal military training for all youths in the United States and his plan to create a gigantic government owned monopoly to buy all surplus prod- ucts in North and South America bid fair to develop as much, or more, heat than did Mr. Roose. William velt's program for Bruckart packing the Supreme court of the L" United States two years ago. Tremendous opposition has spr'ung up to each of these plans, but the opposition comes from different quarters and for different reasons. As far as my survey has gone, of course, there are many duplications among opponents, but it must be said that the fundamental objection to each comes from a different base. Reasons for the two proposals, as stated by those who are working with Mr. Roosevelt on the plans, are to be found wholly in the fear that Hitler's legions--armies and "'fifth column" workers--will invade the Western hemisphere, sooner or later. Whether this fear is wholly genuine or partly political, I cannot say; yet that fear is being used to the utmost to force acceptance by congress and the general public of a two-part program to meet the ex- pected invasion that is thus far just a mirage. The program, of course, comes from the wave of hysteria which has been allowed to develop, or has been openly promoted for political purposes. There is thus far rio clear cut pro- gram on universal service, Gen- erally speaking, it provides for the training of youth of 18 for one year. It is not entirely a training on the drill field or in camp. It includes training in work "behind the front." That is to say, men must be trained in airplane factories, in handling planes on the air fields, in gun fac- tories, powder factories, bridge building, transportation and general automotive work and a thousand other lines of service, each of which must contribute active and complete collaboration when the boys with the guns and bombs are out in front of the enemy. Both Girls and Boys Might Be Included That is the general thought. There are those in the administration, how- ever, who would go much further. They would make universal military r group within the President's official I family would have all of those boys and girls do this work and do it with almost no compensation, ex- cept their own food and clothes. In other words, if the extremes are attained in this direction, it would mean adoption practically of the methods employed by Hitler, Mus- solini and Stalin in the training for military service. Of course, the congress will nev- er agree to such a thing as that. There would be a public revolt against any such program, but I relate these details because they ac- tdally are being discussed by men in key positions in the President's cabinet. I doubt also that congress can be driven into adoption of any military service program of a compulsory character. There are dangers in a world so upset as ours is of this day. No one can dispute that. On the other hand, congress has voted some six or seven billion dollars to be spent for defense preparation, and unless that is wasted, as some 20-odd billions have been wasted in recent years, there ought to be some worthwhile defense structure result from use of that money. The pres- ent defense program, as it stands today, provides a regular army of 400,000 men--the largest peacetime army in our history. A navy of fight- ing ships which will be the lar$ est fleet in all history will be eonstr~et. ed from these funds. Airplanes by the thousands are provided for in ,the general defense program. POT SHOTS President Roosevelt's proposals for universal military training for all U. S. youths and the adminis- tration's plan to create a govern- ment-owned monopoly to buy all surplus products in the Western hemisphere, ere due for e real po- litical storm, in the opinion of William Bruckart, Washington correspondent. He thinks they will develop as much "heat" as the Supreme court "packing" issue. From a political standpoint, the President has taken a long chance. That is more apparent as each day passes. United States ]s Not Looking For Any 'Military" Trouble It is to be remembered, first, that the United States and its peoples are not a military nation, not a na- tion looking for trouble. In anoth- er phase, it is to be remembered that there are some 2,000,000 fellows who got their feet stuck in French mud and who fought off French cooties as well as German attacks. They are scattered throughout the United States. I know of few of those fellows who ever want to see any more of war. They are saying so with great freedom. They have convinced their friends and neigh- bors and the families. So, from a general philosophy of peace and the word-of-mouth expressions of experi- ence, it strikes me that universal military service will not get very far now--unless the entire New Deal political machine can be used to run over the opposition as Hitler's armies overran France. In another way, I think Mr. Roose- velt made a big political mistake by sponsoring universal military service for use when the nation i$ not at war. It builds up a Republi- can opposition and supplies that opposition with an added type of criticism to be used "in the forth- coming presidential campaign. And from what I hear, the Republicans are going to use it! Now, concerning the great monop- oly for h~ndling all surplus prod- ucts of the Western hemisphere: The idea behind this gigantic car- tel--government-owned and directed --the dream that is proposed to be made into a reality--is that there is as much danger of German infiltra- tion through business as through armed forces. Moreover, it is held that with Hitler and his gang domi- nating Europe, they will dictate trade. That is to say, Hitler's Nazis not only will determine who will sell to those peoples under his steel boot, but they will decide the terms at which the products will be sold. The school of thought behind the monopoly plan contends that such a control of international markets will mean wrecking North and South American trade. Contention Holds That Hitler Will Influence All Trade Further, it is contended that small, or even great, corporations in North and South America will find themselves so thoroughly brow- beaten by the Hitler tactics that they will yield to whatever methods the Nazis desire to employ. All of which, they say, will mean that Nazi agents will be all over the place, speaking their pieces and pro- moting their propaganda. So, comes then the plan for a giant corporation that would absorb all of the products of the Western world. This corporation, in the minds of the dreamers, would be so power- ful that it could tell Hitler and his gang where to get off. The com- pany on this side of the Atlantic could say to Hitler's representatives, in effect, we will trade with you, but you will not take advantage of us; we are too big If you don't trade with us, you get nothing over here. All of which sounds swell. It sounds like hard boiled stuff. But it will not work, and no really sane person believes it will work. In ad- dition, it has all of the elements of danger that can be crowded into the meaning of the word "regimen- tation." The first reason it will not work is because there is not the chance of a snowball in the nether regions that all of the South American nations will Join. Unless it embraces ev- erything, it will flop of its own weight. And if all of the South Americans do come, where is a guaranty that they will stay in? They have Jumped the traees so many times that there is little faith to be placed in their agreements. Another reason is that if such a corporation attempts to take all of the surplus, there must be control of production, complete and final con- trol of production of food and fiber and materials of every known'kind. If there is no such cOntrOl, the cor. poration will find itself shortly own. ing an accumulation of several years' output, and more coming in because the world can and does pro- duce more than it .uses in a great many years. I might ask also for all persons to stand who think that production con- trol couldbe erfforeed in IWexleo,or Brazil or the Argentine' or most any other nation in the vast reaches of South or Central America. I might suggest further that if the Hitler market, as envisioned by the dream boys, is going to be the only mar- ket, he might be just smart enough to say: "Okey, boys, hold your stuff, I will get along without itI" AndI what a lovely situation that wouldl be! These two items will furnish much lively congressional debate. By KATHLEEN NORRIS TODAY'S paper has the story of a boy of 21 and a girl of 19 who couldn't afford to get married and so decided to die. The boy couldn't earn enough to sup- port a wife and the girl had to help out at home, where she had an invalided father, a hard-working mother and a small brother. The sympathetic press adds that: "Here is one more trag- edy of youth caught in today's tide of no job and no future." If this girl and boy were the only selfish young couple who took this course they mi ghtn't be worth noticing. But there is a lot of this sort of thing. There is a lot of self-pity in youngsters who have caught UP the modern jargon about conditions in America, and who use it to disguise weak- ness and inefficiency. There are ALWAYS more than 40,000,000 jobs in America, and to say: "I can't get a job," means that there are 40,000,000 persons in the lend who can do what you can't do. But that doesn't mean that in any land under any conditions a boy of 21 can be started off at employment that will support a wife. And that doesn't mean that a girl whose $30 contribution to the home finances is badly needed is free to get mar- ried; free to start off with her boy husband on his $18 a week, and have him, burdened and worried and ex- hausted, lose even that job in a few years, when her second big, fat, hungry, exacting baby is four months old. Flaming Youth, When our girls of 18 and our boys of 21 fall in love the immediate question of everyone concerned is: "And when is the wedding to be?" And the sooner it is the better satis- fied are both. They are burning up with young passion; their first and foremost consideration is physical possession of each other, and while her family borrows money for a modest, wedding, the boy rashly commits himself to a long lease on an adorable bungalow. Into it they ecstetically scramble, equally enchanted with the little rose-bowl her chum gave her, and the electric refrigerator for which they have to pay $11 a month. It is all such fun! Kisses and laughter season the burned omelette and the watery coffee; on Saturday and ~dun- day nights the college crowd come in, and smashed crackers ahd stepped-on cheese and sticky glasses and over.loaded ash-trays litter all four of the pretty little modern rooms. Baby Brings Care, Worry. But if a baby arrives at once, then suddenly all glamour disap- pears. Marge and Rob, if they are sweet-natured, fine persons, may still love each other. Bat it now be- comes an anxious, a wearied love. The baby is a darling, but the baby's presence means that the old, young good times are forever over. Milk for the baby. Someone to sit wlth the baby. Bills. Worries over the baby's fever. Wakeful nights when the baby cries. And when Joe Smith and Mildred stop at the door with a ear, on a broiling hot Sunday, with talk of the beach, and barbecue sandwiches, Marge and Rob of course can't go. "I couldn't leave t)e baby in the ear, Mil." "No, I suppose you couldn't, you poor thing, you!" No Babies---Ueadache Too. Off go Joe and Mildred, and Rob and Marge turn~baek to the morn- ing papers again. No hurry about beds or breakfast dishes. Now while the baby is ~sleep they can take it Thursday, July 4, 1940 J PHOTOGRAPHY 16 PRINTS 25f Roll Developed and 16 prints 25e. 16 Reprints ~f~. REX PHOTO - - OQDSN, uTAU of each for Just - - - Reprints--any size--$ cents each. - Fa~t servi~e--quality guara~f~d OALIFORNIA FILM EXPEOTa P.O. I~x E77oW, Mill ValleF. GAIN. HELP WANTED CIVIL SERVICE Jobs for men and women, 18 to 50. Coaching by Ex-Examiner for U. S. nnd state exams. Inside and outside jobs. FRF, E FACTS. Write today, coM" STOCK, 126 W. 3rd St Los Angeles, Calif. J I HOUSEHOLD OUESTIONS Cut lemon dipped in salt and rubbed on stained ivory knife han- dles will remove the stains. * $ * Carving knives, when not in use, always should be protected either in a box or carefully wrapped so that the edge does not come in contact with other cutlery. Linoleum will last much longer if rubbed occasionally with a rag dipped in olive oil. It also restores polish to tables marked by hot dishes. First paint the marks with spirit of nitre, then apply the olive oil and polish. Concrete should not be painted for at least six months after it is laid down. If, however, it must be painted within that time, it maY be aged artificially by washing with a solution made by dissolv" ing two pounds of zinc sulphate in one gallon of water. ' * * 4 e i Never put woodenware directly over the heat to dry. That causes the wood to warp, and perhaps to crack. Thoroughly d~y it, hoW" ever, before putting it in a cuP" board, since it may mildew if you store it too soon. Let it stand in a room of moderate temperature, or near the stove. i INDIGESTION I may affect the Heart ] GaS trapped in the stomach or gullet may set It~ hai.r-triguer on the heart. At the first ~gn of di~ I smart men and women depend on Bell-arts TabletJ to 'set gu free. No laxative but rned~ of the f~t~t" acting mediclnes known for add indigestion. ]ftb~ FIRST DOSE doesn't prove Bell-ann betterretW~- ~ bottla to us ~ receive DOUBLE Money Baelr Contagious Laughter There is nothing in the world so irresistibly contagious as laugh" ~! ter and good-humor.--Dickens. DOCTOR'S FORMULA quickly relieves fiery Itching of If face, legs, arms or hands are covered with red, scaly Eczema--for speedy lief from the terrible itching burn/~ soreness--use powerfull7 soothlng/#/q~z~ Zemo. Zemo brings quick reliefbec~u~ it contains 10 speedy-acting ingredien~ long valued for helping nature to pimples, aene, eczema, ringworm wjm~ tOms and similar skin irritations duo w external cause. First trial convineml Real severe eases may need Extra Strength Zemo. All drugstores. Undiscovered Emerson said: "A weed is It plant whose virtues have not yet been discoveredI" There was a time in America when there were no set prices. Each merchant charged what he thought "the traffic would bear." Advertising came to the rescue of the consumer. It led the way to the estab- lished prices you pay when you buy anything todaY.