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May 16, 1940     Indian Valley Record
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May 16, 1940

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I I II I WEEKLY NEWS ANALYSIS BY ROGER SHAW Allied Troops Leave Norway As Spotlight Turns on Italy; Germans Hold Vital Air Bases (EDITOR'S NOTE---When opinions are expressed in these columns, they are those of the news analyst and not necessarily of this newspaper.) Released by We~em Newspaper Union "-:'O U.S.&R. THE LONGEST SlAY AROUND was the shortest way home ]or British ships in Italian waters when England, ]earing Italy was getting ready to enter the war on the side el Germany, ordered these vessels to head for home ports via the Suez canal and Cape o[ Good Hope. This route, indicated by the broken line on the above map, is a distance of 15,000 miles. Normal route (indicated by solid line/ is only 2,000 miles. WOTAN WINS: In Norway Following Austria, Czecho Slova- kia, Poland, came poor Norway. Said one neutral statesman, nerv- ously, "The kiss of England is the kiss of death." Frightened Swed- ish, Netherlands, and Balkan lead- ers were inclined to agree. Norse writers and generals denounced John Bull, while the English cabi- net was tottering. The Allied troops debarked from Andalsnes and Namsos, in the stra- tegic Trondheim area, And sailed away, under a terrific hammering from the German bombers. Much of their equipment was abandoned and the Norwegian troops, poorly armed and trained, as is natural in a small democracy with no imperi- alist intentions, did not make much of a stand in isolated sectors. The English expeditionaries in Norway had been out%hot, out;flown, and out-generaled. Raw London militia and half-trained regulars, had to face toughened German Veterans:~f the 18-day Polish war, last fall. The British marines, too, were n~t trained for landing operations, to be ~followed by a land war of maneu- ver. Good men all, their duties h@d been aboard ship, and as brass-but- ton garrisons in far-flung colonies. 13. S. marines have had exactly the right training for a "Norse" opera- tion, and would have given the Ger- mans a far more telling battle, ac- cording to American army and navy men. This was a technical matter of opinion. Anti.ltalics English and French battleships were concentrated in the faraway eastern Mediterranean, and the Brit- ish merchant marine was ordered out of the blue Mediterranean wa- ters. The Englis1~ itinerary to In- dia--the imperial lifellne--was re- routed around the African horn, the Cape of Good Hope, to escape Ital- ian submarines, seaplanes, and sea- NAMES in the news Alfred Duff Cooper, formerly Eng- land's secretary of war, and also her secretary of the navy, called the German governmental leaders a gang of "money-making murder- ers." Duff Coopcr's wife is the beau- tiful Lady Diana Manners, who starred in America in the "Miracle" long years back. Duff Cooper, him- self, has been a special student of that shifty old French statesman, Talleyrand, whose biographer he is. Declared old Knut Hamsun, great Norwegian novelist and Nobel prize winner in 1920, "England is incapa- ble of helping us, except with small flocks here and there, roving about our valleys, and asking, for food." In Newark, N. J a man got a divorce. He said he had been com- pelled to move 27 times in six years. His name was Allan MaeFee. He told the judge he never knew which bus to take home at night. "My wife was the moving man's friend," said he. Mrs. MaeFee got the di- vorce, on grounds of desertion. Mr. MacFee did not contest. sleds. For Italy has the third best air force in Europe, and perhaps the world's best submarine flotilla. And Italian seamed torpedo.carriers are a tested Roman specialty. Roosevelt's ambassador to Rome, William Phillips, pleaded with Mus- solini to keep out of the war, and Moscow accused Rome of blackmail (Finland is so easily forgotten!). The Aegean sea loomed up as a pos- sible location for Italo.Allied war- fare, but some observers believed that the badgered French might cede Mussolini their African Tunis (just below Sicily), in order to keep the Iron Duce quiet. There are roughly an equal number of Ital- ians and French living in the pre- dominantly Arabic colony. "France must learn to give," remarked a worried 13. S. official. One minor school of thought held that the English battleships were moved to the eastern Mediterrane- an, to get them away from "doomed" Scapa Flow, and the pes- tiferous German flyers. THAT '40 ELECTION: Nomination Notes Tom Dewey, dashing Wunderkind of Manhattan, appeared to talk him- self into indigestion out west, and was laid up pro tern. He lost some Republican convention delegates, too. ~ Massachusetts primary voters plumped for an unpledged decision, instead of for Tommy. In Florida, a stop-Dewey campaign began. Elltott Roosevelt, described as "talkative," said his father might not~un for a third term. The father of the son said nothing. Boss Green of the A. F. of L. ac- cused Boss Lewis of the C. I. O. of presidential aspirations on a third ticket. Third term versus third ticket? New York's Mayor LaGuardia was rumored to be considering him- self either as a Republican, or as a Democratic, vice president! There was, too, a lot of talk about a Farley-Garner, or Garner-Farley, ticket, and a lot of wishful think- ing about Roose. velt's being tired. To his friends, who are many, Roosevelt did not seem tired at all. But Rep. Tink- ham of Massa- zhusetta declared that another term of "Roosevelt, and Hull, would sure- Rep. TInkham ly mean war for the United States. Meanwhile, third terms aside, the President's mother became ill from food-poisoning on her way to the World's fair, and had to be treated in a local drugstore for two hours, SEEING RED: 'Protection' Clarence Hathaway, editor of New York's community "Daily Worker," was convicted of criminal libel after a trial of three weeks. He faced a maximum penalty of a year in the concentration camp, like his party chief, Earl Browder, who got into trouble over phoney passports, and the Americo-Nazi chieftain, Fritz Kuhn, whose followers Uncle Sam "protected." Hathaway, 46 years old, is younger than 'Browder. INDIAN VALLEY RECORD Kathleen Norris Says: Wake Up, Mothers of Sons, This War Year ~E~ell Sy ", e-.-WNU Serv|ce.t !THERE were vague rumors under i~the sunny skies of St. Petersburg :back in March that something was just a little shy in the camp of the Cardinals so far as any flaming i team spirit was concerned. These i rumors have carried along into the i starting season. i Maybe they are true-maybe they are not. But if they are true the Cardinals are going to hear no gonfalon- :i::~:~i~!iiiiiiii;~iii!iiiiiiiii~iiiiii!iii ie flapping in the next flurry of au- tumn winds. For team spirit happens to be a vital part of any ball club, no matter how strong their individual play. This brings up the point as to what Grantland teams in baseball Rice history, looking back 30 years, be- long around the top where the mat- ter of team spirit is concerned? Here are just a few that I can rec- ommend from rather close contact: 1905--McGraw's Giants with Mat- ty, McGinnity, Bresnahan, Devlin, Dahlen, Donlin. 190g---The Chicago White Sex with Fielder Jones,Donohue, Isbell, Welsh, Altrock. 1907--Frank Chance's Cubs with Chance, Evers, Tinker, Sheekard, Steinfeldt, Kling. 1914---The Boston Braves of George Stallings with Evers, Mar- anville, Rudolph, Tyler, James, Gowdy. 1934---St. Louis Cardinals with Frlsch, Pepper Martin, Medwick, Dean, Delancey, Collins, Durocher ~the old Gas House Gang. 1936-1939---The N. Y. Yankees, of whom Joe McCarthy demands team spirit, even when he has to get rid of a great pitcher and a star outfielder. The Two Leaders My selections from 35 years of baseball would place two teams on top in this respect--the White Sex of 1906 and the Boston Braves of 1914, Neither was anything like a great ball club. The Sex then were known as the Hllless Wonders. Their team batting average was around .223. They floundered most of the year, and then under ~ crabby leader- ship of Fielder Jones and the almost raving upheaval of Jlggs Donohue at first they came along to win 19 straight, bag the pennant from much better teams, and then whip Frank Chance's Cubs who had won 116 games that season and were sup- posed to be invincible. That record of 116 victories still stands. But even such fghters as Chance, Tinker, Evers and others had nothing to match the whirl- wind assault of the keyed-up Sex. I recall asking Hughey Fullerton one of the best of thej baseball sages, about Is- bell at second. "Here's a hmny angle," Hughey said. "Isbell can't hit u llek, he can't run, he hasJohnny Evers a bad arm, and be is only u fair inflt:Ider. But he Is one of the greatest bali players I ever saw." Isbell had brains ~tnd spirit to a high degree. The Sox were that brand or breed of team players. In 1908 Ed Walsh worked in 66 ball games, won 40 and saved 12 others. It takes splr)'~t, plus an arm, to carry this load. About the Braves 1914 George Stallings' Braves were much along the order of the 1906 White Sex. They were no great ball club. They were around last place in early July. They were supposed to be the league flop. And then the vital spark ar- rived. They be&an overhauling one team after another with Rudolph, Ty- ler and James working in order. Rudolph, Tyler and games--Ru- dolph Tyler and James---day after day, week after week, month after month, In addition, there was Hank Gow. dy back of the bat, and there were Johnny Evers and Rabbit Maran- villa working at second and short-- two "disembodied spirits"--two diminutive chunks of nerve, brains and courage. They won the pennant. They had to face Connie Mack's brilliant team that had wou three pennants--a team that had Bender and Plank in the box, and Me[nnis, Collins, Barry and Baker for an ~nfleld,--one of the great teams of all time. But the Braves beat them four straight. The 1940 Pennant Chasers Neither may bag ~ pennant this season but you won't stumble over any keener spirit than Brooklyn and Pittsburgh will show this summer. Leo Durocher and Frank Frisch will handle that part of the job. Both demand hustlers, still carrying along the flame of t,he Gas House delegation. The Brooklyn Dodgers demon- strated their hustle and spark by winning .the first nine games of the season. Included in this march were four shutouts and a no-hit game. h isn't/or mothers to expect tribute from their sons, this year; there doesn't seem to be any sense in sittin8 back in pretty old.lady vomplaceney and waiting tor flowers and candy and telegrams to arrive. There's something we can do for them. By KATHLEEN NORRIS MOTHER'S DAY has had an especial sig- nificance this year. Because the hearts of moth- ers everywhere are torn with fears and misery, the dignity of that relationship has some- how been emphasized and made important, and when we read of English boys cheering as their ship sinks in the icy waters of the chan- nel, and Russian boys piled in Windrows under the deep Finnish snows--innocents all, slaughtered like sheep at the orders of older men, then the first thing we say is "God help their mothers!" A current newspaper carries the philosophical statement that only 890 aviators have been lost to Brit- ain since the beginning of the war. Not even a thousand yet! Avis. tors are yo~g men, above the aver- age in intelligence, resource, cour- age, aptitude. They are no Foreign Legion, composed of ex-convict. loafers, failures, adventurers. No, they come from fine homes, they are students, they are entrusted to carry out the most delicate and dangerous business of war. And 890 of them have already come down to violent death in smoking fuselage and tangled wreckage, and even if not every one of them had not a mother or wife to mourn him, fiun- dreds of them had, Hundreds of mothers have lain awake restless and dry-eyed through the endless nights ever since, and will not know sleep or rest for many and many a night to come. thinking of the young fine body, the loving, eager heart, the gayety and sweetness of him, now lying so still, with all her hopes for him buried with him trader the deep earth. Mother's Day im~ Reverse. And that thought has put a special value upon our own magnificent boys, has made us feel this year that the situation is reversed. It isn't for mothers to expect tribute from their sons, this year; there doesn't seem to be any sense in sit- ring back in pretty old-lady com- placency and waiting for flowers and candy and telegrams to arrive. No. there's something we can do for them; something they can't or won't do for themselves. That something Is to stir up con- tinual agitation over the question of our men being sent to fight over seek Our young men, that is, for the old men who send them never go. We want to keep Washington continually reminded that several millions of American mothers, for the lqrs! time in all history armed with the vote that sent these legis- lators and representatives to Wash- ington, are uniting for the siugle purpose of electing the men who will promise that we shall be kept out of Europe's purposeless orgy of bloodshed. One of the stghts they show in Mexico is the old altar of the Mayan civilization that once prevailed there; a magnificent amphitheater whose stoves were once running riv- ers of young blood. Thousands of young men were selected as religious offerings; indulged, petted, fattened for one year, and then led to the sacrificial stone to Imve their liv- ing hearts cut out. The story is that on one single occasion thirty thousand boys were thus destroyed. Horrible, isn't it? American tour- is,s, in their smart silk [rocks and broad flowered hats, have been known to faint, contemplating the scene, even so many years after the Mayan religion has been swept away. But in what way does the slaugh- ter of innocent boys across the seas improve upon these barbaric days? In one way, today's wars are even worse For the Mayan had at least the feeling that this was destiny; he was helpless and he hsd been chosen for death. But our English, German, French, Russian boys have no such consolation. They have no feeling against each other. They have committed no crime. They hate no one. And too often they writhe into slow, agonizing, bit- terly lonely deaths with every crim- inal instinct of their natures roused and brought to life; hate, a desire for revenge, a complete loss of faith in everything their mothers taught them of goodness and for- giveness and generosity. Their mothersl Here we are back to their mothers again, as Mother's day passes by. It is no use to watch their babyhood sick- nesses, to train them in boyhood to goodness, only to fail them when the first bugle blows, and send them forth to freeze in muddy trenches, to meet hot death in the air, to drive their bayonets into the bodies of boys they never saw before, Just as shrapnel or bullets pierce their own splendid bodies, to rot unnoted in crowded, fetid hospitals, and final- ly to lie still and unremembered-- by all except Mothers!--in foreign soil. Let Men Over Forty Fight. If I could I would get a bill through congress prohibiting the en- listment in army or davy of any man under forty years. This would stop war so fast that soon its mem- ory would blend with witch-burning, small-pox epidemics, slavery, and a hundred other insanitles and abuses that shame the pages of his- tory. If thoughtful, established middle-aged men, men who are ab- sorbed in offices or professions, who love wife and home and children, and golf and fishing and bridge games, had to fret themselves into olive drab and sail across seas to solve Europe's never-ending quarrels, how quickly we should be reading some other plan for the solution of international problems! Even if their health and strength didn't match those of younger men, what of it? If life is to be destroyed, why not begin with the unfit? Send them into battle sneezing and rheu- matic and taking soda mints, for war destroys health anyway, and all camps are full of invalids. There was one battalion of strong young men with fiat feet, who stayed safe in camp all through bloody 1918, and went home happily to draw their bonus a few years later Older Men Make Wars. It is the old men who shrewdly consider profits and expanding mar- kets and uses for surplus products; it is the old men who make the wars. Is there in the tong, tong history of these decisions to destroy young life some shadow of the old jealousy of the males? Male bulls kill young ones. deer and elephant and even household cats do the same. Unexpressed and perhaps completely unsuspected, is jealousy at the base of the policy that sends the finest men of each generation to their death? Sometimes it almost seems so. At all events, men obviously can't solve this war question. They never have and they never will. Thursday, May 16, 1940 GENERAL HUGH $. JOHNSON trnit~l Fe~,urm Wl~ THE WAR AS ELECTION ISSUE Washington, D. C. The rapidly crystalizing policy of this administration to defend Amer- ica by mixing aggressively in European and Asian power politi(.s, with whatever consequence that may carry, is sure to be an issue this year. As in 1916, the sentiment again#t that, west of the Alleghanies, is overwhelming. In 1917, we were at war and, before the end of that year, with complete and even enthu- siastic support of the country. Yet immediately after the declaration a war, there was no such sentiment except on the Eastern seaboard. I know, because I had undertaken the organization of the selective draft in every American commU" nity. Most of the gray hairs I had until recently, I got in the first anxious 30 days of that effort. Was the ambitious experiment ~o- .ing to flop? In most states, except the East, there was only aloof and skeptical if not sullen acceptance. By the persuasive power of tl~e eloquence and idealism of WoodroW Wilson, by some arts we used ol blatant ballyhoo and hokum national high-pressure selling, that was changed in a fe,~ weeks to a war psychosis which ,~pproached hyste- ria. Woodrow Wilson could do that be- cause he prepared the seed bed bY months of patient and long.suffering restraint and, of far more impor- tancc, because we were actually in, and not merely flirting with, a bloody war and a sickly season. Can Franklin Roosevelt do that--* which to be elected, he must do, or sincerely change the whole course of his foreign policy? Can he do it when we are not engaged in war, and when no such seed bed is ready? He has another handicap which Mr. Wilson had not. This country had then never tried a mass ad* venture in the double-crossing war diplomacy of Europe. We tried in 1917 and 1918 and we know it to have been the most dis, astrous gamble this nation ever made. Apart from the handicap of our dolorous experience, is the simple military question of whether we should scatter our strength over vast areas of this globe, or whether, the obvious course is to retain our interior lines, our concentrated strength, the advantages of our nat- ural barriers and our unquestioned unity. It is a reversal of every Ameri- can traditional (if not constitutional) political principle and of every mili- tary and naval axiom. Coupled with the reversal of the third term tradition, it will certainly be a massive handicap. It cannot be shushed or ever~ minimized. Only the persuasive skill of Mr. Roosevelt, his literary ghosts, and the greater pulling power of four billion dollars, coupled with possible Republican campaign blundering could overcome it. Yet, so great is the power of good or ill of all these elements, that I for one, am not yetready'to say,it can't be done. $ $ $ OMINOUS WAR MOPE How can the British abandon the Mediterranean? That would be to abandon France, whose lifeline and link with her African colonies it is. It would be to abandon the grea! Anglo-French near-eastern army, which is rapidly being assembled o's a threat to the totalitarian left flank. That army couldn't be aunt. tioned and supplied by the long route around Africa. It might pos- sibly be fed by supplies coming through the Red sea but not sup- ported by munitions and equipment. To abandon the Mediterranean to Italy would also be to abandon Tur- key and leave the mess in south- eastern Europe in Hitler's hands, to the extent that he could divide up the spoils by some kind of trade between the supposed enemies, Mussolini and Stalin. Such a pair- ing of strange bedfellows would be stronger than the coupling of sup- posed enemies, Hitler and Stalin, to ravage and divide Poland. Such results are impossible for England and certainly for France to contemplate. Therefore it seems pretty clear that England is not leaving the Mediterranean with anything except her ordinary com- mercial traffic usually routed through thc Suez canal. She is just getting her rich argosies promptly out of an area of danger from a sudden possible (:lash of aerial and maritime navies in those waters. It seems to me that the critical element in this war just now is not what happened in Norway, as what may happen in the Mediterranean. If that warfare opens up, the af- fair in Norway will just be a side- show and that raises my principal conjecture. Hitler has two choices in grand strategy. He can concen- trate on the British empire by strik- ing at its heart in western Europe, or, if he has the armed assisthnce of Italy, he can attempt to cut it in pieces it" detail and strengthen his own ecor.'omic, if not military, posi- tion by operation in southeastern Europe and the Mediterranean. He can do either, but he can't do both at the same time.