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April 11, 1940     Indian Valley Record
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INDIAN VALLEY RECORD Thursday, April 11, 1940 By LEMUEL F. PARTON (Consolidated Featurew~--WNU Service.} "~EW YORK. -- Paul Reynaud, J- who was asked to form a new French cabinet, and successor to Premier Daladier, put through the French - Brit- Premier DealreR ish monetary Brltlsh.French and economic Monetary Union accord of last December, and, "even before the start of the war was an advocate of a close financial union between the two countries as the first bulwark of their Joint defense. For several years, he has been studying Eng- !fish finance and history, insisting that both nations must abandon their old plan of remaining apart in the matter of monetary and 'economic relationships. He is a lawyer, financier and economist, minister of finance since October, 1938. In the chamber of deputies, he repre; sents a "big business" section of Paris and has contended rig- orously against "governmental meddling in business." In 1935 and 1935 he made a courageous fight for the devaluation of the franc, an issue which is always loaded in France and always sidestepped by more cautious politicians. His business sagaci- ty was demonstrated in the sum- mer of 1929, when he warned all and sundry that a big smash was coming, and withdrew all of his securities from the mar. ket. He is as direct, decisive and fiery as Daladier is ponderous and medi- tative, and for many years has been making prophecies more gloomy than cassandra's foredoom of Troy, as he urged France to prepare for the worst. He parts his hair in the middle, strings with the Alliance Democratique, e center group, and has never been classified as either right or left. He is said to be "too Intenlgent to be liked," and does not seem to mind. He is small and alert, only slightly gray at 60, care- fully groomed and the master of a verbal short jab which seldom in- vites a return engagement for any- one inclined to mix with him. He was a holdout on Laval's deal to give Mussolini a green light in Ethiopia and in this 'connection warned France that it had better be looking to its empire. In poll- tics since 1919, in the chamber since 1928, he was previously minister of finance in Tardieu's cabinet. He comes of a family high in the moun- tains of Barcelonnette, of a clan which has extensive holdings in sev- eral foreign countries, including Mexico. 4~ BUILDING more stately mansions for his soul, Fritz Mandl, ~he Austrian munitioneer, runner-up for Zaharoff, was interrupted by Adolf Hitler. Iri a New Arms Plants New" Y o r k Are Being Built munic ip a 1 By Fritz Mahdi court, an Aus- trian archi- tect sues Mr. Mandl for payment for designs for a new wing on his Alpine castle, when he was married to Hedy Lamarr, the screen star, now the wife of Gene Markey, Holly- wood producer. The castle and the plans were a war casualty, but Mr. Mahdi is sitting pretty in Argentina, the hidalgo of a great estate, and getting a fast running start with new steel and munitions plants in the land of the pampas. He fooled Hitler. His great arms plants, including the Hirt- enberg plant, were supposed to be worth about $60,500,000. That was a nice, fat grouse for the Nazi nimrod, but when Der Fuehrer moved in, he found the great plants Just a hollow shell, the securities long since llqui. dated and Mr. Mandl at a safe nose-thumblng distance with his former fortune remaining more or less Intact. Now 40 years old, round-faced and merry, he was a playboy in his youth, but stayed on the Job in his later years. The munitions works were a family holding, founded by his grandfather, Sigmund, and ex- panded by his father, Alexander. He was an associate of the fallen Prince Ernst Ruediger von Star- hemberg in the Vienna putsch of 1934--not at all interested in politi- cal ideologies, and smarter than the prince in both making~ get-away from Hitler and from Germany as well as being able to save his for- time. NOT a refugee fortune, but the makings of a new one appears in the operations of Arnold Bern- stein, who also found a hole in the Nazi line. A freighter of the Amerl- canized Arnold Bernstein shipping lines burns at Baltimore, but it was insured and his newly recruited ships are running cargos to Europe and his fleet is expanding. He came here last October, from a Nazi Jail. where a tangle over the mysterious blocked marks had landed him. At 1, a tall, pale, thoughtful man, he gets a new stsrt, GENERAL HUGH S. JOHNSON U~d FUtww wNv s,4~ PLANES FOR THE ALLIES THE policy of the President to permit the allies to buy our most advanced type of military and naval planes is 100 per cent correct. A principal problem in our prep- aration for defense is productive capacity. Time is "of the essence in war. Napoleon used to say: "I may lose a battle but I will never lose a minute---and hence few wars." We have the best industrial plant in the world. But in our mod- ern system of manufacture, the best plant in the world can't get in.to production without first going through a slow and complicated ef- fort called "tooling-up." This means the arrangement of buildings and machine tools to pro- vide a continuous flow from one operation to another without back- tracking or lost motion. It means the making of the working points of those tools to insure absolute "'Once the original tooling is done fewer . . . experts are needed." uniformity in all the thousands of separate parts that go into the assembly of any such complex and wonderful thing as a modern war plane. The scarcity, due to the depres- sion, of sufficiently skilled pattern and tool-makers is one of the great "bottle-necks" retarding production. OnCe the original tooling is done fewer of those experts are needed. Everybody who is old enough will remember that preparation to build the radically different successor to the old Model T tin Lizzie, para- lyzed the production of even the great Ford plants for the better part of two years. It is believed in the motor industry that a single last minute change in ar, rangement and design cost the Ford company mil- lions of dollars and months of time. When this great preparation work is done, increase in speed and re- duction in cost are very great. To put the American airplane in. dustry on this kind of mass produc- tion basis would give us something that hasn't existed and, under con- servative plans for our own equip- ment, might never have been com- pletely attained. But a billion dol- lars worth of allies bdsiness coupled with our own requirements on basic designs identical wRh our own, will do exactly that. This result of giv- ing the allies our most advanced designs is the most. fortunate thing that could happen to us from the angle of our own defense. * $ TAX ON Ms, CHINES Senator O'Mahoney's proposal to tax machines has had a panning from every editori.M that I read-- and I have to read a good many. One recurring note is that Joe hails from the great open spaces of Wyoming, which hints that he can't know anything about machinery. I happen to hail from the great open spaces of Oklahoma, but that isn't going to prevent me from horning in on this argument. I can't recommend the senator's bill. In the first place, although I have studied it, I don't understand it. I have a dim idea that it taxes the producer who makes more than average use of machines and from the avails, (correct avails) subsi- dizes the producer who uses less than the average machine power and hence employs more man power. I can't go for that. It is not tax- ing for revenue. It is using the power to tax as a power to punish one group and reward another in proportion to their degree of depar- ture from or compliance with a gov- ernment rule as to how they should run their business. ~t is both "puni- tive" and "incentive" taxation and both are dangerous ground. Furthermore, it would be utterly impossible to apply. The labor- wage-element in the cost of various products varies from 10 per cent to 90 per cent and is largely caused by forces entirely beyond the pro- ducer's power to control. Nevertheless, there is something very valuable in part of what the senator has at the b~ck of his thought. We ought to re-examine this idea of financing all social legis- lation by taxes on payrolls or give more thought to taxes on machines or machine hours. The rush toward machine produc- tion and away from employment isn't altogether caused by advances in science and invention. Every times manufacturer installs a new machine operation displacing labor, he makes a certain logical calcu. fatten. Kathleen Norris Says: The Unluckiest Wife Isn't Always The Unluckiest Woman (Bell Syndlcate--WNU Service.) Her husband told her that his assistant professor, a handsome girl of 23, loved him as deeply as he did her. By KATHLEEN NORRIS THE unluckiest wife in the world isn't, of course, the un- luckiest woman. There are thousands of women in this coun- try, and hundreds of thousands in other countries, whose lot is harder than that of Marjorie Mason. There are women in your town and mine who have been fighting poverty all their lives long, living along the boundary line of want able to give their children only the barest necessities of life, and worry- ing constantly for fear that those necessities might not be always available. Women who have never known even a few days--a few hours ---of luxury and beauty, of plenty and security. Women who have to refuse their small babies the fresh- ness and comfort and safety small babies need; who have to refuse their growing children the toys, the clothes that more fortunate children take for granted; who suffer a thou- sand deaths as the young men and women of the family demand cars and pocket money and college edu- cation as their right. This in America. In Europe and in the Orient the situation ia in- finitely worse. Civilized Christian countries still see barefoot children begging in winter streets; China knows that every winter a million of her people will starve slowly to death, and a million more fall vic- tims to the diseases that weakness, malnutrition, cold and hunger bring. Comparative Misery. So when I speak of the bitter trial that Marjorie Mason has been called upon to bear I am treating only of the comparative misery and humiliation that can come to a woman who has a comfortable home, fine children, a car, a club, friends, a good cook in her kitchen books, leisure, enough money, good health, and---she says--"a real trust that God will help me through this difficulty if I am wise enough to heed His guidance." Not much material from which to construct an appeal to your pity is it? And yet there is no wife alive that won't feel pity for Mar- forte when she hears her story. Marjorie is 32; she has been mar- ried for nine years to a man she deeply loves. He is a professor, handsome, popular, successful, with a comfortable little income of his own to supplement his salary. The Masons live in a roomy house on a beautiful campus; there are three children in the family; a girl of seven, and boys of five years and one year. Marjorie has as assistanl the fine colored mother of one of the undergraduate girls; she is free to do her part in campus work; mothers' and alumni groups, hos- pital, convalescent home, Shakes. peare study club, dramatics. She not only teaches her daughter, but she belongs to a little circle of col. lege mothers who take turns in amusing and watching the younger children on different afternoons. Marjorie's life was all sanshine until some four weeks ago, when her husband, in one of those lux, uries of confession that weak men so enjoy, told her that his assistant professor, a handsome girl of about 23, loved him as deeply as he did her. He was exultant over his con- quest, and fatuously related to his wife the details of the affair in which the glrl's great love had over- come her scruples. Bitter Injustice, "This sounds as nauseating to me as it does to you," writes Marjorie, "but Arthur was like a crowing boy over it, I did what I could. Told him that he must be out of his senses to Jeopardize his position, his whole life's work in this way, to say i too late then for any outbreak of mine to do any good. For days I Unlucky Women The unluckiest wife isn't always the unluckiest woman in the world, according to this article by Kathleen Norris. For while some of the trials that married women are forced to go through are difficult indeed, many times things could be much worse. But t~ the same time problems do creep mto the homes of families who seem to have apparent security. And so the story of Marjorie Ma- son is here discussed. It is the story of a young professor's wife and the problem she had to meet. Faced with an unfaithful husband she is confronted with the problem of dis. gracing him ]or life by exposing him or leaving him and taking her children with her. She is advised to choose the sec. ond plan. The emptiness of his home should bring this man to his senses. seemed to be in a bad dream, for the thing had come upon me like a thunderbolt, and the past was all spoiled as well as the future. "Arthur, as completely oblivious of any feeling of mine as he had! been of ordinary decency and duty,d asked me if I would have the girl at the house now and then, 'so there would be no talk.' This, I told him, was a physical as well as moral impossibility. I simply couldn't do it. On this point we had our first serious quarrel. "Since then I have not spoken to Arthur directly. But for the chil- dren's sake a certain amount of civility must go on. Arthur con- tinues to show nothing but com- placency and high spirits. He tells me that if he and the girl had re- sisted temptation--or love, as he calls~ it--then all three of us would be unhappy. As it is, I am the only miserable one, and 'they don't ex- pect me to understand.' The girl came to see me, and was tearful and explanatory and heroic. I don't think I spoke at all in the 10 min. utes I endured her company. "Arthur would be dropped from the faculty if this were known. Hit fine old father, president emeritus of another university, would die of grief. And how would my children be bettered by the shame of their father? But I can't go on as things are. These few weeks have shown me that. Tell me what to do." Advice to Marjorie. Marjorie, the first thing to do is get out, and take the children with you. But not with any bitterness or threats. Say to your few close friends that you are taking the baby to the mountains. Or that the small daughter had two chest colds last year and you think it wise to try the shore. Not far from you there are lakeside summer cabins which rent in winter for as little as $10 a month. Find one and move. This will have a triple advantage. It will get you away from the im- mediate contemplation of an insuf- ferable state of affairs. It will scare the complacent philandering Arthur out of his wits; he will be lonely, disorganized and possibly brought to a realization of what wealth he had, and has done all he could to destroy. And lastly, it will terrify the girl. She~n~ay suddenly awaken to the truth that she has given everything for no~ing, and is in a fair way to lose position and reputation. When Arthur comes to his senses, or rather, having obviously very little sense, when he appreciates that he has made an expensive and foolish mistake, then come back, forgive him, and resume the outer shell of the old happy, loving life. You may never want to share his room or his affection again; he could hardly expect that. But for the rest, take the blow that fortune has dealt you, as every woman must in one way or another, pick up the pieces, and face the future stronger in your own soul, if sad- der in your heart, Fetes to Mark Historic Trip Three Southwest States to Re-enact 1540 Tour Of Coronado. EL PASO, TEXAS.--A land of gay fiestas, sunny laziness and rich tradition is reaching back 400 years through the pages of history to stage the biggest fiesta of all, a three- state celebration of Francisco Vas- quez de Coronado's futile search for fabled cities of gold. Towns big and little in Arizona, New Mexico and west Texas are busy in preparation for a summer's re-enactment of the Spanish explor- er's journey through the region, their own fiestas giving birth again to early days and intrepid men. For it was in 1540 that Coronado set out from a little town in Mexico to ride into the northern wilderness and extend the Spanish empire by half a continent. His band of vel- veted nobles and armored soldiers was spurred by tales of golden mountains and cities filled with pre- cious stones, but they also sought to explore and in behalf of their Spanish sovereign establish a claim for the unknown regions of the New world. Catholic padres accom- panied the expedition for religious guidance and to obtain Indian con- verts. Historic Route Retraced. In connection with the celebration a party of historians retraced Coro- nado's route to determine the exact point at which he crossed the pres- ent border of the United States. Through search of old documents they established it as the present Mexican border town of Naco, near Bisbee, Ariz. The Spanish conquis- tador left Compostella, l~exico, wandered up the coast along the Gulf of California and struck inland to the present states of New Mexico and Arizona. With his army, on foot and on horseback, he followed Indian guides to a two years' winter camp on the banks of the Rio Grands near the present Bernalillo, N. M just n. orth of Albuquerque, and from there made side journeys in the quest for gold. On one of them he t went west to the Grand Canyon in Arizona; another sent him north to ] the Indian pueblo of Taos, N. M.; a i third led east across the Texas Pan- I handle with a swing into Kansas. Navy Also Participated. On part of the journey he was accompanied by a "navy"--three ships sent up the Gulf of California to furnish supplies. But contacts between the land party and the ves- sels were never made, although scouting parties from the main body searched the coast and the ships ~ailed to the mouth of the Colorado river. From there three small boats with about 12 men each ex- plored the river up to what is now Yuma, Ariz. Coronado's treasureless wander- ings and troubles with the Indians brought mutiny to the straggling band, and in 1542, the disappointed dons fled back to Mexico, their vel- vets in tatteya and the army routed in shame. It was denounced then as an ex. travagant and foolhardy venture, bu~ now, four centuries later, the results of the expedition are to be hailed with a summer's celebration. Through the Coronado quarto.cen. tennial celebration, tribute is to be paid to the daring explorer who gave to Spain the vast Southwest-- a region that, acquired by the United States, added a third to its area and gave it an unbroken sweep of sovereignty from Atlantic to Pacific. Sighted Man Lends Eyes To Two Brothers on Farm SHAWNEE, OKLA.--One pair of eyes serves the three Smith broth- ers, successful farmers who live near Shawnee, Okla. Larry, 55 years old, can see. He aids his brothers, Plus, 50, and Claude, 57, both of whom have been blind since birth. The blind men do routine farm chores, even saw and chop wood. They milk the cows, gather eggs, wash dishes, build fires, water stock and sometimes even cook. The brothers make a good living on their 70.acre farm. They live in a five-room bungalow. They own glass-fronted chicken houses and two large cattle barns. Sees Wife End Life NEW YORK.--Before the gaze of her husband, Mrs. Margaret Egan, 23, of Jersey City, N. J plunged to her death recently beneath the wheels of a Ninth avenue elevated' train at 104th street and Columbus avenue. Police listed the death as suicide. Receives $50 for Debt He Can't Remember! ROBINSON, ILL.--L. H. Brig. ham said that it was Just like finding money when he received a $50 check from an unknown person for a debt he had long forgotten. The money was enclosed with a le~.ter which said Mr. Brigham probably couldn't remember the debt but the money was owed and the anonymous sender want- ed to pay it and get it off his mind. TcAMPA, FLA.--A session with lark Griffith, the Gray Fox of Washington, carries you back manY a day and many a year. Outside of Connie Mack, Griff can take you deeper into the thrills of the past than anyone else in baseball. My own first training camp thrill came in 1898 in Nashville. A tall, broad-shouldered, awkward-looking party came into the locker room, wearing a pale-blue suit with brass buttons. A short while later against Vanderbilt he showed us a buzzing medley of speed and curves that noons had ever seen before. And not so many have seen it since. He was over six feet two, weighed 200 pounds, and he was lanky in looks. In addition to blazing speed he had the fastest-breaking curve ball I've ever seen. His name was George Edward (Rube} Waddell. Even when he was fading out with tuberculosis he still had enough left to strike out 16 of Connie Mack'S Athletics. Grilg's Top Thrill Griff's top training camp thrill ar- rived in Atlanta around 1904. Griff was waiting that morning to meet a young first baseman, Just heading in from California. He had no other first baseman on his Yankee roster, so the rookie had to be good. "Suppose he's a flop, what'll you do?" I asked the Old Fox. "A flop?" said Griff. "He's going to be the greatest first baseman that ever lived. You wait and see." The kid arrived around noon or a trifle later. He was well built, CLARK GRIFFITH on the lean side, with a quick. friendly smile. The personalitY part was all there. "How many days before you'll be ready to start?" Griffith asked bim. ' I thought you played a game today," the rookie said. "We do," Griff told him. "That's when rd like to start," his young first baseman countered. "I'm always in shape." That afternoon he made at least three plays around first that left your scalp sizzling. They were plays no one but a great artist could make. With a runner on second someone laid a bunt along the first. base foul-line. The kid was on it like a bounding kangaroo in time to nail the runner at third, it took tess than his first bali game to know that another star was on his way to the headlines. The rookie's name was Hal Chase. Another Fair Entry There was the ~ay back in Auguso ta around the same period when an 18-year-old stripling came along. First time up he laid down a bunt, beat it out, stole second and then third. He finished out the day with a double, triple and home run. The Hen. Oliver Bahe Hardy was among those present. Not a bad afternoon for an IS-year-old kid. His name was Tyrus Raymond Cobb of Roystsn, Ga. Later on he only made over 4,000 base hits and stole close to 1,000 bases before he took off the spikes after 24 years. There were training camp days the old Southgrn league, also. I re- call two outfielders who caught and held the eye. They were great ball players the first time you saw them. Loo/~ing back a long, long way, thit~ was around 1907 as I recall time, now shrouded in mists. One played" for Little Rock--the other for New Orleans. The first was the best looking outfielder I'd seer seen in action. And nne of the best hitters. His name was Trig Speaker. The other was the best looking actor with a bat around the plate anyone had ever seen. HiS. name was Shoeless Joe Jackson. And there was the spring training season 21 years ago, back in 1919, when the Boston Red Sex decided to make a regular outfieder out of their crack left-handed pitcher. They had an idea he might turn out to be a first-cass slugger. In one of the March games here in Florida he mauled one that car- ried over 500 feet into a pine thicket beyond the field--the longest blow the oldest inhabitant bad ever seen, not even barring the top hurricane. I was on that trip and I was look- ing a~ s fMlow by the name of Bah# ,Ruth.